Saturday, 10 March 2012

Since We Fell in Love The Scotland Has Turned Beautiful

Since we fell in love
The Scotland has turned beautiful
There is new radiance all around
A strange freshness in the breeze
As you meet me in the valley
It seems as if highlands are singing

The splendor of nature is enveloped in mist
The Loch Lomond is silent, the bank still
There is nothing but us and the little boat
Sailing along with the helping hand of waves
How enchanting is our togetherness
The Scotland has turned beautiful

We will sit upon the rocks
Seeing the Shepherds feed their flocks
Those valleys, groves, hills, and fields
A new season brought good fortunes and
The Scotland has turned beautiful

We walk in troughs and furrows
Clasping your hand in mine
The gold of the setting sun melts about us
But all I see is you
The state of my heart is strange
The Scotland has turned beautiful

No one around us can see
Quietly I weave dreams
What your glance tells me
I can hear it with my eyes
Our love is one of kind
The Scotland has turned beautiful

Since we fell in love
The Scotland has turned beautiful

Since we fell in love
The Scotland has turned beautiful

Thursday, 1 March 2012

Sardar Sarvayi Papanna, the unsung fighter of Telangana

Sardar Sarvayi Papanna Goud born in Goud Community at Khilashapur Village near jangaon In Warangal District. He fought against the Muslim rule in Telangana. He constituted some mansions and protected the interest of poor. He lived during the period of Aurangazeb. Shivaji conquered Maharastra from Muslim rule and at the same time Papanna occupied the Telangana area from Mughal rule between 1687 to 1724.

His name also spelt as Sardar Sarvai Papanna or Sardar Sarvay Papanna or Papadu, who also built a fort in Khilashapur which was also considered as capital city. Papanna Goud was born in 1650 lost his father during his early years assisted his mother Smt. Sarvamma as a cattle herder. And later on upon his mother's request and force he took up Toddy tapping as his profession. Having seen the oppressions and atrocities committed by Mughals, during that time raised a small army out of warrior castes through guerrilla attacks on them.

He was a strong devotee of Lord Shiva and Goddess Yellamma. His victory inscriptions,and sculptures are also available in Buddhism dominant regions such as Dhoolmitta to show that he respected and loved Buddhism too.  Papanna Goud's history came into limelight when the British historian J. A. Boyal recorded the folklore music during 1874 A.D.This combined with further studying of archaeological evidence of ruined or existing forts,inscriptions,and temples brought the history of Papanna Goud into limelight.

Papanna during his reign of 30 years ruled Buvanagiri of Nalgonda, Thatikonda of Warangal, Kolanupaka, Cheriyala, Karimnagar , Huzurabad, and Husnabad regions. Papanna constructed his first fort in Sarvayeepeta in 1675 A.D. According to the historian Pervaram Jeganatham, with the aim of expanding his rule and conquering Golconda, Papanna constructed forts in Thatikonda, Vemulkonda during 1678 A.D. and between 1700 - 1705 A.D he constructed another fort at Shahpuram.

Existing Check Dam constructed during the rule of Papanna in Thatikonda shows that he is a king of development oriented. Existing Goddess Yellamma temple in Husnabad of Karimnagar constructed during the rule of Papanna show that Papanna was religious. This temple during times was added with new idols. But the original Goddess Yellama idol constructed of soil is still existing. 

Papanna mostly raised the funds for war and army by guerrilla attacks on Subedar, Zamindars, landlords. Upon reaching the popularity of Papanna news to Aurangazeb he advised Rustum-dil Khan to suppress Papanna. Rustum-dil Khan then sent Qasim Khan to fight Papanna and conquer Shahpura fort. Having Qasim Khan defeated and slayed by Papannam, Rustum-dil Khan himself entered the war and this went on for almost three months. Rustum-dil Khan finally fled the war and Papanna lost his friend and close associate Sarvanna in this war.

After the death of Aurangazeb in 1707 A.D, the then Deccan Subedar Kambaksh Khan started losing the control of Deccan. Papanna having seen the weak rule, attacked and conquered Warangal fort on April 1st in 1708 A.D.